Anritsu Corporation (President: Hirokazu Hamada) has developed a test and simulation environment for Automated Valet Parking (AVP) in collaboration with dSPACE GmbH (dSPACE) and Apposite Technologies LLC (Apposite). A demonstration exhibition was held as part of the 5GAA*1 Member Symposium event in Malaga, Spain on October 20th.
Valet parking is a service in which a professional parking attendant parks drivers’ cars at large-scale parking facilities and commercial facilities, mainly in Europe and the United States. AVP enables this parking to be done automatically, without any driver in the vehicle. AVP Technical Report Version 1.0 was released by 5GAA in June 2022, and a wireless communication (Type-2) operation scheme linked with parking garage infrastructure and users’ smartphones was proposed.
AVP is being developed as an autonomous driving use case which can be deployed in the short term. AVP Type-1 autonomous driving vehicles require expensive high-performance computing and sensing, while AVP Type-2 communication-cooperative vehicles do not require such installations, reducing vehicle costs and making implementation easier.
Since AVP Type-2 requires highly reliable end-to-end communications, a test system needs to evaluate QoS management and impairment effects in the IP layer. The wireless connectivity environment also needs to be evaluated. The test solution set up a digital twin environment incorporating both virtual and real devices. This allows the system tests and certification required to improve the reliability of AVP Type-2 to be started before the actual devices are available.
Automotive OEMs, Tier 1 suppliers, and mobile network operators have shown great interest in the demonstration, and we will continue to develop this simulation environment and contribute to the realization of AVP.
Vehicle motion control commands (VMC) generated by the AVP System are transmitted to the OEM Application, which displays the state of vehicle control, via 5G communication using Anritsu’s 5G base station simulator.
VMC commands pass through the Apposite Network emulator on the way to OEM Application. IP data delay and data packet loss are added by the emulator, and so vehicle control becomes unstable due to its influence in the OEM Application. AVP developers design control systems and networks to keep vehicle control stable.
The base station simulator Radio communication test station MT8000A is a test platform that provides network simulation for 5G radio access technology (RAT*6) and provides a development evaluation and certification test environment for automotive use cases such as Telematics, Infotainment, and V2X.
5G Automotive Association
As a member of the 5G Automotive Association (5GAA), an international organization, Anritsu participates in activities to develop and promote standardized protocols for automobiles using 5G communications from the standpoint of communication test and measurement. Major companies in the automotive and telecommunications industries around the world participate in 5GAA, and in cooperation with standardization organizations such as ETSI, 3GPP, SAE, etc., they develop the standardization necessary to implement V2X communication. It focuses on cellular-based communications known as C-V2X. Anritsu will continue to support the evolving communication-cooperative AD/ADAS development.
dSPACE is a worldwide leading provider of simulation and validation solutions for developing connected, autonomous, and electrically powered vehicles. The company’s end-to-end solutions are used in particular by automotive manufacturers and their suppliers to test the software and hardware components of their new vehicles long before a new model hits the road. dSPACE is not only a sought-after partner in vehicle development, engineers also rely on our know-how in the fields of aerospace and industrial automation. Our portfolio ranges from end-to-end simulation and validation solutions to engineering and consulting services, training, and support. With over 2,000 employees worldwide, dSPACE has offices in Paderborn, Germany, three project centers in Germany, and serves customers through its regional companies in the USA, the UK, France, Japan, China, Korea, and Croatia.
About Apposite Technologies
Apposite Technologies provides world-class network, application and security test solutions to enterprises, service providers, and government agencies worldwide. With both WAN emulation and Traffic Generation products, Apposite enables users to inject realistic application traffic onto accurate simulations of any wide-area network for a fast, easy way to optimize network and device performance. Apposite’s modern testing solutions help businesses deploy new technology with confidence while increasing automation and lowering costs associated with performance testing.